..FGM: The Maasai woman on a mission to educate her community
Agnes Pareiyo is a women’s rights activist in Kenya’s Maasai community. She uses wooden models as a tool to educate children and adults about the damages caused by female genital mutilation.
What Is Female Genital Mutilation
This phrase of the word has numerous money and is very broad. Female genital mutilation is the barbaric act of partially or totally removing the external genitalia of girls and young women. It is illegal in many countries. Typically FGM is performed with a razor blade on girls between the ages of 4 and 12, without proper medical equipment.
There Are Different Types Of Female Genital Mutilation
The scary thing about this is that there are different types of female genital mutilation and the severity of this very cruel act is that “Type one FGM would be like removing a male’s testicles, type three is equivalent to removing both the testicles and the penis. There is no way that would be deemed acceptable,” says Taina Bien Aime, director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, who said that comparisons between male and female circumcision are not helpful.
Type 1: Clitoridectomy
Clitoridectomy, Is a type of female genital mutilation that involves partial or complete cutting of the clitoris. The clitoris is the most sensitive part of the genitals. On rare occasions, only the fold of skin around the clitoris is cut, which is called the prepuce. This procedure requires a great deal of skill and precision. This is impossible if the victim is not under anesthetic.
Type 2: Excision
Excision, a form of female genital mutilation. The clitoris is cut off and so are the inner lips (the labia minora) and in some cases the outer lips (labia majora) as well.
Type 3: Infibulation
Infibulation is type 3 of fmg, is when all of the external parts of the genitals are cut off or repositioned. The opening of the vagina is narrowed and sealed by sewing or stapling together the two sides of the vulva. A very small single opening remains through which urine and menstrual fluid must pass.
Aside from these three main types, a further fourth type encompasses any other non-medical incision, piercing, scraping or pricking of the genitalia. The practice predates all religions and has been seen in the mummified bodies of pharaoh princesses.
A lack of widespread knowledge and information about FGM is putting American girls at risk, says Shelby Quast, policy advisor at the campaign group Equality Now. “We look at the various diaspora communities and as they grow, the number of girls at risk grows as well.”
Dangers of Female Genital Mutilation
FGM can lead to severe bleeding, pain, complete loss of sensitivity, complications during childbirth, infertility, pain during sex. Let’s not mention recurring infections and urine retention. And in some cases it is lethal. Unlike male circumcision, female genital mutilation also inhibits sexual pleasure. Female Genital Mutilation has no health benefits. The victims usually undergo surgery to either open or seal the vagina.
Campaign groups and survivors of FGM warn that despite legislation against female genital mutilation in the US, American girls are being taken out of the country to be cut, and may be subjected to mutilation on US soil. Approximately 6000 girls are mutilated every day.
FGM can be performed in different ways, with the main three: clitoridectomy, excision, and infibulation.